The surface area of Libya is 679536 square miles and the total population is 5 million. Its borders connect with Egypt in the east, Al Jazair in the west, Nigeria and Sudan in the south and Tunis in the North West. The capital of this country is Trablus. It is an African country and the 85% of the surface area is in desert form. That is the cause of the low population in such wide surface area of the country. The popular cities are Bin Ghazi, Darnah, Misratah, Tabraq, Sabha and Al Baizaa.
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Crude oil is one of the famous industries of this country and due to the production of petrol it comes in the 6 biggest countries of the world. It is divided in several parts according to the administrative prospect. The history of this country is very old, which has footsteps even in the period of Greece history. While looking at the history of Libya, we will find out that it was kept occupied by different nations. In 642 Hijri, Arabs invaded this country. In 1556, the Usmania Government took control of it. In 1853, Italy occupied it until 1912. After the Second World War, 4 countries (America, England, France and Russia) began to discuss about the future of Libya. England wanted to divide it into two parts by the names of Trepolina and Saranika, and to take control of one part. The other countries were also interested in their own profits, so they didn’t come out with a solution. The issue was then given to the United Nations.
On 21 November 1949, United Nations decided to free the country and it was got free on 24 December 1951. Libya has the pride of being the first African country to be freed. After independence, Libya became a member of Arab union and became a member of United Nations as well afterward. Al Sayyad Mohammad Idrees Mehdi Al Sanwasi was nominated as the first king of the country. The Sanwasi government completed a little time and then the conflicts between the Sanwasi kingdoms members began to start. At last, colonel Qazaffi took advantage of the situation and broke the assembly and took control of the country in 1969.